Itching is a common symptom and it can be caused by a number of different conditions. Itching, also called pruritus, is often associated with a rash, as with poison ivy. But this guide is about itching without a rash. This guide is not intended to replace a face-to-face meeting with your doctor about these symptoms. In fact, many causes of itching require an in-person examination and testing.
You can often treat it yourself and it should go away within 2 weeks. Some lotions, creams and medications available over the counter from pharmacies or Rash itching causes a prescription from your GP can help reduce itchiness. It is filled with special cells of the immune system that can protect the body and skin from viruses, bacteria, and other hidden threats. The following can affect any area of skin on the body:. Rash itching causes treatment plan will depend on the cause of itching. Related Coverage.
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The vulnerability depends on the exposure to the triggers or causes. APA Causfs, R. Some experts also recommend taking cholestyramine Questrancahses Welcholor rifampicin Rifadin to also help ease symptoms. A bacterial skin infection can potentially contribute to one having rashes. The presence of rash is usually annoying itchign but it can even be worse if it becomes extremely itchy. Try to avoid hair Rash itching causes products that have harsh chemical ingredients, fragrance or dye since they play a greater role in this issue. It can result from environmental conditions, such as low humidity and hot or cold weather, and practices that Rash itching causes decrease moisture in the skin, such as bathing in hot water. Though the exact cause of psoriasis is not known, it has been linked to autoimmune disorders. In these cases, itchy skin can be treated and prevented with regular use of a moisturizer and a humidifier during drier times of Rash itching causes year. Itchint ani: Diagnosis and treatment. It can occur for a variety of reasons. Less commonly, problems Virgin airline bookings the nerves, kidneys, thyroid, or liver can cause itching sensations without necessarily causing a rash.
Itching is an unpleasant sensation that compels a person to scratch the affected area.
- Anal itching is a common condition.
- Itchy skin, also known as pruritus, is an irritating and uncontrollable sensation that makes you want to scratch to relieve the feeling.
Warning signs of diabetes can appear on your skin. Do you have any of these 12 signs? You can get a rash from poison ivy any time of the year. While summer has ended, dermatologists urge you to continue using sunscreen. Find out why. You can reduce the size of enlarged pores at home. Do you know which one? If you want to diminish a noticeable scar, know these 10 things before having laser treatment. Having acne can feel devastating for a teenager. Here are 5 things you can do to help your teen.
Find out what helps. If your child develops scabies, everyone in your household will need treatment. Follow this advice to treat everyone safely and effectively. Join a hike and you can make a significant impact on skin cancer. Find out how. Do you know of a place where children play or gather than needs shade? A chronic skin condition can make attending summer camp unrealistic for some children.
Camp Discovery changes that. Board-certification is a significant achievement that not all doctors attain. Find out what it means. When your skin itches, you may have a rash; however, you can have intensely itchy skin and see nothing on your skin.
See what else may be causing your itch and what can bring relief. Very dry skin. Extremely dry skin can be intensely itchy. How to get relief: Dermatologists offer these tips for relieving dry skin at, Dry skin: Tips for managing. Bug bites. When a mosquito bites you, the cause of your itchy skin is usually obvious, and the itch tends to go away quickly.
When bugs live on your skin or feed on you every night, the itch can be long-lasting and uncontrollable. Bugs that can cause long-lasting itch, include bed bugs, lice, and mites scabies. How to get relief: You can find out what these bug bites look like and how to get rid of the itch at: Bed bugs Head lice Scabies. Itchy skin condition.
The list of skin conditions that can cause intense itch is long and includes: Atopic dermatitis Chickenpox Dyshidrotic eczema Folliculitis Hand-foot-and-mouth disease Hives Psoriasis Neurodermatitis Ringworm Seborrheic dermatitis Shingles How to get relief: To get relief, you must know which skin condition you have. The best way to get an accurate diagnosis is to see a board-certified dermatologist.
If you have been diagnosed with atopic dermatitis or psoriasis, relieving the itch can be a challenge. Skin cancer.
For many people, the only sign of skin cancer is a new or changing spot on their skin. Sometimes, that spot also itches and can be the only reason a person notices the spot. How to get relief: See a board-certified dermatologist to find out if you have skin cancer.
If you have skin cancer, treating it can get rid of the itch. Warning sign of a disease inside your body. It can also be a sign of advanced kidney disease and often develops in people who are close to needing dialysis or currently receiving dialysis. In these people, the itch can be widespread and especially intense on the back, arms, and legs.
Itch is also common in people who have liver disease, such as hepatitis C, cirrhosis, or an obstructed bile duct. When itch is a sign of liver disease, the itch often starts on the palms and soles and spreads to other parts of the body.
How to get relief: Getting an accurate diagnosis and treatment may relieve the itch. A dermatologist often plays a key role in diagnosing these diseases because itch can be the only symptom.
Allergic skin reaction. Our skin can develop an allergic reaction to many substances. Products that contain nickel include cell phones, jewelry, eyeglass frames, zippers, and belt buckles. Other substances that can cause an allergic skin reaction include nail polish, fragrances, shampoos, latex, and cement.
This can be challenging and often requires the help of a dermatologist or an allergist. Reaction to a plant or marine life. Marine life - You can also get an itchy rash after being in water, such as an ocean, lake, or pond. Sometimes, intensely itch welts hives and blisters also appear. Because it can take time for the itchy rash to appear, some people are unaware of the cause.
If you go in the water often, pay attention. How to get relief: If you stay away from the plant or marine life that causes your skin to itch, the rash tends to go away on its own within a few days to a couple of weeks.
As we age, our skin changes. Dry skin can itch. If the itch is due to dry skin, your dermatologist may recommend making some skin care changes and using generous amounts of moisturizer. Medication or cancer treatment. Itch can be a side effect of taking some medications, such as aspirin, prescription-strength pain relievers called opioids, and some blood-pressure drugs. It can also be a side effect of cancer treatment. How to get relief: Ask the doctor who prescribed the medication or treatment if itch can be a side effect.
It is it, your doctor may give you tips that can help reduce the itch and continue treatment. Nerve problem. Diseases that can cause this type of itch, include: Shingles Stroke Multiple sclerosis Long after the shingles rash clears, you can have pain, numbness, itching, and tingling that can last for months — or years.
How to get relief: Medications that treat nerve pain, such as gabapentin and pregabalin, are used to treat this itch. Long-standing itch can affect your quality of life. It can disrupt your sleep, make it difficult to concentrate, and cause you to scratch until your skin bleeds.
Plants that can make you itch. Home remedies: How to relieve itchy eczema. Yosipovitch G and Kwatra SG. The Johns Hopkins University Press. United States,
Chest X-rays. The itching can vary from mild to extreme. Read this next. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes your thyroid gland to create too much thyroid hormone. Many bugs can bite a person — including bed bugs , mosquitos, and lice — and the treatments can vary depending on the type of bug that caused the bite.
Rash itching causes. 1. Dry skin
The following can affect any area of skin on the body:. Substances that irritate the skin and make it itchy are common. Plants such as poison ivy and poison oak and insects such as mosquitoes produce substances that cause itching. Allergies , including food allergies , can irritate the skin as well. Some internal diseases that may be very serious cause itching. The following diseases may cause generalized itching, but the skin usually appears normal:.
Other diseases can cause itching as well, especially those that affect the nerves. These include:. Some women experience itching when pregnant. It usually occurs on the breasts, arms, abdomen, or thighs. Sometimes this is due to a preexisting condition, such as eczema , that is made worse by the pregnancy. Your healthcare provider will give you a physical examination and will ask you several questions about your symptoms, such as:. Tests include:. Once your healthcare provider has pinpointed the cause of your itchiness, you can be treated.
If the cause is a disease or infection, they will suggest the best course of treatment for the underlying problem. Shop for moisturizers.
When mosquitos feed on your blood, your skin reacts with round, itchy red bumps. Learn how to stop the bites from itching. The only thing worse than having a sunburn is having a sunburn that itches.
For some people, an already uncomfortable condition can morph into…. Finding poison ivy is easy in the United States, where it grows virtually everywhere except for Alaska, Hawaii, and some desert areas of the Southwest. Itchy skin at night, called nocturnal pruritus, can regularly keep you from getting a good night's sleep.
There are a number of reasons you might…. Itchy skin is often accompanied by a rash or bumps on the skin, but in some instances, itchy skin can occur without a rash. This may be due to…. Itchy skin, medically known as pruritus, can be a symptom of certain types of cancer.
The itching can vary from mild to extreme. If a person is concerned about unexplained itching, extreme itching, or itching that lasts a long time, they should see their doctor to determine the cause and get advice about treatments.
This article will explore eight potential causes of itching without a rash and the various treatment options available. Dry skin, or xerosis, is a very common complaint. The skin can start to feel itchy when it loses moisture. Dry skin can present as flaky or scaly. It is common among older adults, especially during the colder months. Bug bites can leave behind a very small hole or pinprick-like area.
However, they can be so small that a person may experiencing itching but not see the actual bites. Many bugs can bite a person — including bed bugs , mosquitos, and lice — and the treatments can vary depending on the type of bug that caused the bite.
If a person experiences continued itching after a bug bite or bites, they should see their doctor. Avoid scratching the area, as this can make the itching worse. Also, do not use over-the-counter topical antibiotics such as Neosporin, as some people can develop an allergic reaction on their skin. Itchy skin is a common side effect of many medications. This can occur with or without a rash. Not every person will experience this side effect when taking these medications, however. If a person suspects that a medication is causing itching skin, they should speak to a doctor before coming off the drug.
The doctor can advise about the best course of action and alternative medications if needed. Sometimes, a doctor may halt the current medication to see whether that is causing the itching. At other times, they may recommend taking diphenhydramine Benadryl or hydroxyzine to reduce itching symptoms. Nerves relay messages from the skin to the brain.
Problems with the nerves can cause itchiness or pain on the skin without causing any actual damage to it. Several nerve related conditions can cause itching or other sensations on the skin without causing a rash. These conditions include:. According to the American Academy of Dermatology , diabetes can cause a range of skin issues. For example, itching can result from diabetic neuropathy , which is a complication of diabetes that causes nerve damage. Learn about itching and diabetes here.
Injuries that affect the nerves or cause nerve damage can also make the skin feel itchy. The area that feels itchy will depend on the location of the injury. Treatments for nerve related itching depend on the underlying cause. If a person suspects that they have a nerve disorder, they can talk to a doctor to learn about what might be causing specific symptoms.
The cause of itching in kidney disease is not well known, but scientists believe that many factors are involved. Their doctor will run tests to see how well the kidneys are working. In some cases, a person may need dialysis. This is a medical procedure wherein a doctor uses a machine to act in the place of the kidneys to filter the blood. Dermatologists can prescribe one of several medications to help people with itching skin from kidney disease.
Liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis can cause skin itching. It is not clear why, but some attribute this sensation to the buildup of excessive bile in the body. The itching tends to be worse in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Exposure to heat usually worsens the itching, and people usually notice that it is worse at night. Treatment options usually depend on what type of liver disease a person has.
Skin cancers do not always cause significant symptoms. However, some people may notice skin itching on a previous or new skin lesion as an early symptom. Other symptoms may include the development of a new or changing lesion on the skin. People should check their skin regularly and report any unusual moles or skin changes to their doctor. Learn about the symptoms of skin cancer here. If a doctor is unsure about what is causing the skin change, they may take a small skin sample and send it to the laboratory for testing.
This is called a skin biopsy. Itching without a rash can also occur in those who have Hodgkin lymphoma , or cancer of the blood cells. The Hodgkin lymphoma treatment options include chemotherapy , radiation therapy , and bone marrow or stem cell transplants.
This includes excessively dry skin or as a side effect of new medications. A doctor will consider any other symptoms a person has to guide other diagnostic methods. Examples can include blood testing for liver, kidney, thyroid, or blood cell line problems. If a person uses a moisturizer, sets up a humidifier, and practices good skin care but still has itchy skin, they should talk to their doctor about the potential underlying causes.
Article last reviewed by Wed 10 July All references are available in the References tab. Diabetes: 12 warning signs that appear on your skin. Hegade, V.
Itching causes & treatments - Illnesses & conditions | NHS inform
Itching is a common symptom and it can be caused by a number of different conditions. Itching, also called pruritus, is often associated with a rash, as with poison ivy.
But this guide is about itching without a rash. This guide is not intended to replace a face-to-face meeting with your doctor about these symptoms. In fact, many causes of itching require an in-person examination and testing. However, this guide may be particularly helpful while awaiting a visit to your doctor or after your initial evaluation. Have you recently started a new medicine or had exposure to something new on your skin such as a new soap, perfume, or lotion?
For example,. This may cause prominent itching, fatigue, and nausea as well. The yellow discoloration is also called jaundice. Itching, even without jaundice, can be a symptom of liver disease. Given these possibilities, it's important to see your doctor right away for evaluation. Do you want to stop the guide now? Or, would you prefer to continue to learn about other possible causes of itching without rash?
Okay, good. For example, are you itchy when you step into a shower or swimming pool? Yes, water seems to bring on the itching. No, water doesn't bring on the itching. A new medication or topical exposure can cause itching that does not always cause a rash, so that may be the cause of your itching. Avoiding this new medication or topical treatment may cure the itch. If your doctor prescribed the treatment, call the doctor's office for advice.
Okay, that's useful to know. It makes a condition called "aquagenic pruritus" which means water-induced itching unlikely. You could have a condition called "aquagenic pruritus" which means water-induced itching. People with this often describe symptoms as a very unpleasant prickly, intense itching sensation that may develop with any exposure to water, including humid air or sweat.
Occasionally it accompanies a blood disease called Polycythemia Vera or P. If you have these symptoms, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment.
Well, that may explain your itching. Dry skin is a particularly common cause of itching without a rash, especially as we get older. Sometimes people have dry skin due to an underlying medical condition, such as an underactive thyroid hypothyroidism or Sjogren's syndrome a disease that typically causes arthritis, dry eyes, and dry mouth.
It's important we ask because pregnancy is often accompanied by itching, especially as the skin over the expanding abdomen stretches. Yes, I have been anemic or needed iron. No, I'm not anemic or iron deficient. The reason we ask about this is that pregnancy is often accompanied by itching, especially as the skin over the expanding abdomen stretches. In addition, pregnant women occasionally develop a liver problem called cholestasis that's associated with itching.
If this is the case, tell your obstetrician about your symptoms right away. We ask because iron-deficiency anemia is sometimes accompanied by itching without a rash. You could be anemic without knowing it, so if your itching continues, see your doctor for evaluation. A simple blood test can determine if you are iron deficient. It's possible that iron-deficiency anemia is causing your itching.
We ask because those symptoms and itching may be experienced by people with thyroid disease. Do you sometimes scratch out of habit or when you are under stress or feeling anxious? Thyroid disease could be the cause of your itching. The thyroid is a gland located just in front of the throat above the collar bone; it makes a hormone involved in the regulation of your metabolism.
For example, people with an underactive thyroid often complain of feeling cold all the time. For reasons that aren't clear, itching may also accompany thyroid trouble. The good news is that thyroid disease is readily diagnosed by a simple blood test, and treatment is usually straightforward. We ask because stress, anxiety, or habit can cause a vicious cycle of itching and scratching.
You could have "psychogenic pruritus," a disorder in which psychological distress or tension is relieved by scratching. Some people scratch their skin as a type of nervous habit. This cycle can be hard to break. Let your doctor know about this because he or she may be able to recommend an effective treatment to break this cycle.
If the cause of your itching was not covered here or if your itching doesn't respond to simple treatments such as moisturizers , be sure to see your doctor for evaluation. Keep in mind that even though itching may be due one of these serious medical conditions, the vast majority of people with itching have a minor condition that is easily treated. Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.
Please note the date of last review on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. Itching Without Rash Published: September, Okay, the next question deals with the possibility of a mild allergic reaction. Yes, I have. No, I haven't.
For example, - Trouble breathing could be associated with a severe allergic reaction - Enlarging lumps or "glands" under the skin, unintentional weight loss, and itching may accompany certain types of cancer, especially Hodgkin's disease - Reduced urination may be a symptom of chronic kidney disease also called renal failure, renal insufficiency, or uremia.
This may cause prominent itching, fatigue, and nausea as well - Yellow tinge to the eyes or skin may indicate a liver problem or a blocked duct near the liver. Itching, even without jaundice, can be a symptom of liver disease Given these possibilities, it's important to see your doctor right away for evaluation. I'd like to stop now. I'd like to continue.
Great, let's continue. The next question deals with the possibility of a mild allergic reaction. Here's the next question: Do you have dry skin? Yes, actually, my skin is dry. No, I don't have dry skin. Sorry to hear that! Okay, just wondering about skin dryness since that's a very common cause of itching. Here's a question that you might not be expecting and may not even be relevant to you! Yes, I'm pregnant! No, I am not pregnant! Avoid baths and long showers.
Use moisturizing lotions and creams liberally. Here's a question that you might not be expecting and may not even apply to you! Have you ever been told you're anemic or that you should take iron? Here's the next question: Do you have any of the following? No, none of those apply to me. Okay, one last question: Do you sometimes scratch out of habit or when you are under stress or feeling anxious? Yes, I have noticed that.
No, that's not true for me. Click here to finish. You've completed this decision guide. We hope this guide was useful. After you are evaluated by your doctor, it may be helpful to return here. We hope you feel better soon! E-mail Address. First Name Optional.